American With Disabilities Act (ADA)

The ADA protects individuals who either have a physical or mental impairment which substantially limits their major life activities or who are regarded by the employer as having such an impairment. Recognized disabilities include cancer, diabetes, epilepsy, major depression, mental retardation and can include many other conditions such as back or leg impairment, carpal tunnel syndrome and psychiatric disorders. The major life activities that must be affected for a claim include walking, hearing, speaking, breathing and learning.

The ADA requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for workers with a disability. Those accommodations can include modified work schedules, restructuring the job responsibilities and providing equipment to allow the disabled employee to perform the job's essential functions.

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